Suicidal behaviour and ideation in Guyana: A systematic literature review Americas

For many, it has erased their fluency with Hindi or other South Asian languages and given their English a singsong lilt and Creole dialect. Guyanese curries are less spicy, and a shop that serves the flat roti bread with various stews is a distinctly Caribbean conception. «Certainly the major impulse is to help the less fortunate parts of the community,» said John H. Mollenkopf, director of the Center for Urban Research at the City University of New York.

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  • They will need to be circumspect with Guyanese colleagues and community members about their sexual orientation.
  • Distinguishing features tended to relate to it being community based and driven, its sole purpose being to generate knowledge or understanding that leads to reform and brings about change (Baum et al., 2006; Reason and Bradbury, 2006; De Chesnay, 2014).
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They became more involved in their local communities and discussed how local healthcare practice could be improved regarding diagnosis and treatment of diabetes. This could be interpreted as activism on a micro scale showing early indications of intersectionality as they strived to bring about change with others having similar long-term conditions. Systematic review with narrative synthesis was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, PsychInfo, CINAHL and SCOPUS databases were searched until 31st March 2021. Articles which included the analysis of suicidal behaviour or suicidal ideation using data collected in Guyana were eligible for inclusion.

Colonial opinion contrasted Afro-Guyanese women with their Indian counterparts, explaining behavior in the context of racial identity rather than as a reaction to the stratification of the plantation system. The acknowledgement that both groups of women responded similarly to their situations would have undermined the value of indenture as an institution and unified the groups. Socially-acceptable behavior was attributed to indenture as a «civilizing force» for Indians; former slaves were viewed as lazy and apathetic in the absence of discipline offered by subservience. The resulting stereotypes of the Indo-Guyanese homemaker and the independent Afro-Guyanese became entrenched as «immutable cultural essences» of self-identification. Women’s roles in a plantation society reflected their racial identity and their perception as «maintainers of culture». Slavery destroyed African family structure – not only separation from family in Africa, but the selling of individuals from a family in subsequent enslaved generations. For those who arrived in British Guiana from India, the loss of the extended family (India’s basic social unit) also impacted family structure.

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When the women’s experiences are dissected, as evidenced in the PAR data, it is astounding to see the complexity of the intersecting variables in terms of race, class and identity as they tried to cope with a debilitating chronic illness (Hankivsky et al., 2010). Furthermore only 5% of people had accessed mental health care prior to the suicide attempt and a mere 30% would be willing to speak to a mental health care professional. Therefore, informal community suicide prevention activities may be an appropriate strategy to prevent suicide amongst this key risk group, developed using a participatory process.

Being from mauritius, i found your summary and various analyses do a good job of balance and equipoise between the africans and the indians.thanks and feel free to email for discussion. Most festivals are based on Christian, Hindu, and Islamic beliefs, so there are few truly secular holidays or events. However, «Mashramani» is celebrated to mark the country’s Republic Day on 23 February, and the anniversary of the Berbice Slave Rebellion of 1763 is also noted. Death requires the public articulation of grief; the «wake» or vigil, facilitates communal support for the bereaved, who reciprocate by providing a feast for the community.

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Middle class consciousness across ethnic lines is weak, and includes very few Amerindians. Between 1988 and 1996, gross domestic product increased by forty percent, with remarkable growth in sectors where Indians are disproportionately represented. The public sector, where Africans dominate, experienced no growth in that period. The Guyana Women’s Health and Life Experiences Survey 2018 is the first report to provide a comprehensive examination of the nature and prevalence of violence against women and girls in Guyana. The Guyana Bureau of Statistics undertook a national mixed-methods study to better understand the magnitude of and women’s experiences with gender-based violence in all regions of Guyana. Couples often face pressure from host country nationals to change their roles to conform better with traditional relationships in-country. Host country nationals will often not understand American relationship dynamics and may be outwardly critical of relationships that do not adhere to traditional gender roles.

A brief political compromise in the early 1950s could not moderate their mutual incomprehension. In the early 1960s, both groups violently contested the space being vacated by the British; this has left a legacy of racial hatred. Ethnic relations since independence in 1966 have been undermined by the notion that politics consists of the allocation of the spoils of power to the ruling ethnic section. Alternating ruling African and Indian elites publicly criticize the role of culture and ethnicity in political mobilization while exploiting it. The colonial rulers promoted images of Britishness to inculcate loyalty to the empire, but although various ethnic groups absorbed aspects of that culture, they retained their identities. The Portuguese attempted to selectively Anglicize their Madeiran Catholic culture to stress their European-ness. Most Africans adapted British culture to an essentially African core.

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A 2012 World Bank report listed flooding as the most significant risk to Guyana’s rice sector and drought as number 3. Saltwater intrusion due to rising sea level and stronger storm surges is also a major problem, which lead to a 16 per cent drop in rice production in 2016. It is important to admit that implementing an intersectional approach is still relatively new in the UK and seldom seen in health care research. Criticism has been levelled at it for being poorly defined and inadequately operationalised (Mens-verhulst and Radtke, 1991), and there has been a debate among scholars regarding the implementation of this approach. Some have suggested using it for complex research designs while others focus more toward narrative work (Mens-verhulst and Radtke, 1991). Furthermore, it has also been suggested that language itself is limited in the explanation of the concept of intersectionality . Whilst papers were assessed for quality, none were excluded on this basis, due to the paucity of literature available.

The 2000 census identified 24,662 people in Richmond Hill who were born in Guyana and 7,384 born in Trinidad, and in this neighborhood the overwhelming proportions of both groups are of Indian descent. For Guyanese, even those who grew up with Indian grandparents who had been indentured servants, the passage of time has worn away much of their Indian cultural character.


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